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Synstar Japan Co., Ltd.
|Ｔｏｐｉｃｓ||Ｔｏｐｉｃｓ （Ｍａｌａｒｉａ １）|
Malaria, caused by infection with malaria protozoa, is the most serious infectious parasitic disease in the history of man. Malaria is caused by protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium. Malaria is transmitted from person-to-person through infected Anopheles mosquitoes. Species of the genus Plasmodium that can infect humans when borne by Anopheles mosquitoes include Plasmodium falsiparum distributed throughout the tropical areas of Africa, Asia and Latin America, Plasmodium Vivax distributed in parts of the tropical and temperate zones of each region in the world, Plasmodium ovale mainly distributed in tropical west Africa, and Plasmodium malariae distributed in all regions of the world.
|Malaria was thought to have already been contained, however, in practice
the danger from Malaria is increasing because of the emergence of protozoa
resistant to specific drugs.
Each and every year there are approximately 300 million new cases of malaria in the world, leading to the deaths of more than one million people every year, the major of whom are young children with immature immune systems. Ninety percent of malaria deaths are children aged 5 and below who live in Sub-Saharan Africa (the region south of the Sahara Desert). Malaria greatly affects the economy of the Sub-Saharan Africa region, with related economic loss put at more than $12 billion USD every year.
The habitat of the malaria vector Anopheles mosquito is certainly increasing due to the effect of global warming. Malaria should therefore be considered as an issue which must not be neglected from the viewpoints of "safety" and "peace of mind" of future Japanese generations.